Elephant, (family Elephantidae), largest living land animal, characterized by its long trunk (elongated upper lip and nose), columnar legs, and huge head with temporal glands and wide, flat ears. Elephants are grayish to brown in colour, and their body hair is sparse and coarse. Adult elephant walking in wet and muddy plains of Amboseli National Park in Kenya. A close up of the back of an adult elephant walking and splashing through water. At a waterhole in the Madikwe game Reserve, South Africa. Adult elephant in the MAsai Mara National Reserve, Kenya Africa.
An adult Asian elephant is capable of holding L ( US gal) of water in its trunk. They will also spray dust or grass on themselves. When underwater, the elephant uses its trunk as a snorkel. The African elephant has two finger-like extensions at the tip of the trunk that allow it to grasp and bring food to its mouth. Elephants can live to be over 70 years Some of the adulthood-cycle experiences of an elephant are very similar to Both will continue to reproduce until mid-life; a cow typically produces a single calf, and will have babies up to around fifty years old. The elephant also experiences post-reproductive symptoms.